W. A. MOZART: Symphony No. 36, KV 425 ‘Linz’
Great Mass, in C minor, KV 427
AN UNDISPUTED MAINSTAY
Mozart is the greatest representative of the music of the second half of the 18th century, an unparalleled genius who left important contributions in all the musical genres in which he composed. Symphony No. 36 and Mass in C minor are two very different works but which share some features.
Composed during the same period (the Mass in 1782-3 and the Symphony in 1783), both are in the key of C (the Symphony in the major mode and the Mass in the minor mode) and have structures that were clearly influenced by the fashions of the moment. Mozart wrote the four symphony movements in record time. Travelling with his wife from Vienna to Salzburg, they stopped in the city of Linz to rest and was invited to participate in a concert. He had none of his works with him and so began to compose. The premiere took place four days later.
The Great Mass, on the other hand, is an unfinished work. Mozart did not finish the orchestrations of some passages of the Credo and did not write an Agnus Dei but it is considered one of his most important sacred works. The influence of Bach and Händel mixes with his own personality in a work that adopts the characteristics of the solemn or Neapolitan Mass that, influenced by the opera, separates parts of the ordinary mass into different numbers and introduces virtuosity into his arias.